Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) has been associated with low-grade systemic inflammation many times in research. (2) Inflammation is part of the body’s immune system, and is used to help protect the body from any harmful intruders. When the body recognizes a potential threat, it will create specific chemical messengers known as cytokines that work to protect the body. When it comes to PCOS symptoms, however, inflammation plays a different role.
In PCOS, instead of inflammatory cytokines being created when there is a potential threat, there is a continuous level of low-grade inflammation in the body. This is mostly driven by insulin resistance and dysfunction in your fat cells.