Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) affects about 10% of reproductive age women. PCOS is an endocrine disorder that can affect reproductive hormones and the metabolic system in the body. That being said, PCOS results in a hormonal imbalance caused by the disconnection between the brain and the ovaries. The pituitary gland in the brain sends signals to the ovaries to produce estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. PCOS often disrupts this connection and can cause estrogen and progesterone to drop resulting in higher levels of testosterone.
Acne is one of the biggest symptoms in PCOS that women often struggle with. It causes a lack of self-esteem and confidence especially when it becomes difficult to manage. In women with PCOS, acne is commonly found on the jawline, chest, and back. The acne that presents is characterized by deep cystic lesions that are often painful.
Causes of PCOS Acne
Acne can be caused by a variety of different factors such as excess oil production, bacterial growth, (Propionibacterium acnes) and hormonal imbalances. PCOS acne is driven by hormonal imbalances. Below are the most common imbalances we see with PCOS resulting in acne:
- Testosterone is often elevated in women with PCOS which can cause the sebaceous glands to produce too much sebum causing acne lesions.
- Insulin Resistance can cause high levels of insulin to be circulating in the blood. Insulin can drive testosterone production, which in turn, can cause acne.
Other Causes of Acne
Acne can also be driven by food sensitivities, inflammation, stress, not washing your face regularly, dehydration, and certain makeup products.
- Botanicals can help to reduce testosterone levels. Anti-androgenic herbs include Serenoa rapens, Spearmint, Glycyrrhiza glabra, white peony, and Ganoderma lucidum. Check out this article on how to reduce testosterone levels.
- Optimizing your diet to reduce testosterone can be extremely beneficial. Dairy products and sugar are among the biggest culprits that can affect acne. Dairy is considered low on the glycemic index but very high on the insulin index. Therefore, it can raise insulin levels and ultimately raise testosterone. Sugar is very inflammatory to the body. It can also impact the balance between insulin and glucose. Removing sugar altogether can make a significant impact on reducing the frequency of acne lesions. To learn more about how to eat for PCOS check out this article.
- One of the best supplements for acne associated with PCOS is N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). NAC is a very potent antioxidant that can be very beneficial in PCOS as well. It is a precursor to one of the biggest antioxidants in our body called glutathione. NAC is shown to reduce inflammatory acne lesions. Additionally, NAC can help to reduce testosterone levels, improve insulin sensitivity and ovulation in women with PCOS.
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